Main Article Content

Ruth Alba Hernández Espinosa
Sonia Elizabeth Ruiz Martínez


Prevalence, musculoskeletal disorders, impact on health


The study developed focused on the problem of musculoskeletal disorders, which impact the health of surgeons who are members of the Pichincha Surgery Society. Musculoskeletal disorders constitute a series of alterations that affect each of the structures that make up the musculoskeletal system and specifically the musculoskeletal system. Therefore, the objective corresponds to; determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and their impact on health in surgeons of the Pichincha Surgery Society. The research was carried out using a quantitative, transversal approach, with a deductive and experimental methodology, taking into consideration a population of 250 and a sample of 50 surgeons from the Pichincha Surgery Society, to whom the Standardized Nordic Questionnaire was applied as an instrument. Among the main results obtained, they say that, during the last seven days, 24% have had pain, discomfort or discomfort at the neck level, while 28% had shoulder problems. On the other hand, 32% had elbow problems and 12% had wrist problems. In another context, 38% presented these problems in the lumbar area, 22% in the lumbar area, 20% in one or both hips and finally, 26% in one or both ankles. It is concluded that the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in the members of the Pichincha Surgery Society corresponds to 22%.

Abstract 45 | pdf Downloads 15


1. Balderas, M., Zamora, M., & Martínez, S. (2019). Musculoskeletal disorders in tire manufacturing workers, work process analysis, and activity risk. University Act, 29, 1-16. Retrieved from
2. Caiza, K., Cifuentes, K., Grijalva, I., Morán, A., & Briones, D. (2022). Prevalence of musculoskeletal alterations in patients attending the Health Center of the province of Guayas. Journal of Health Research, 5(15), 909–917. Retrieved from
3. Cañarte, M. G. (2019). Musculoskeletal disorders in administrative staff. SEK, 1-9. Retrieved from
4. Cieza, A., Causey, K., Kamenov, K., Hanson, S., & Chatterji, S. (2019). Global estimates of the need for rehabilitation based on the Global Burden of Disease study 2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The Lancet, 396(10267).
5. ONCE Foundation. (2023). Muscoskeletal disorders. Retrieved from leticos
6. Gonzalez, E. (2021). Study Of Validity And Reliability Of The Standardized Nordic Questionnaire For The Detection Of Musculoskeletal Symptoms In The Mexican Population. Ergonomics, Research and Development, 3(1), 8-17. Retrieved from
7. Loor, L., Panunzio, A., & Sancán, M. (2020). Musculoskeletal symptoms of the administrative staff of a State University of Ecuador. Pol. Con., 740-750. Retrieved from DOI: 10.23857/pc.v5i9.1720
8. Medline Plus. (2022). Muscle diseases. Retrieved from /muscledisorders.html
9. Montoya, A., Chiriboga, G., Vega, V., & Llerena, M. (2022). Estimation of musculoskeletal disorders in administrative staff of the metropolitan clinic of Riobamba, Ecuador. Interdisciplinary Peer-Reviewed Journal of Health Sciences, 6(2), 25-33. Retrieved from
10. MSD. (2022). Introduction to disorders. Retrieved from /e0e43b24-af26-4b99-960e-c15c75a817d6/msd-101-es.pdf
11. MSP. (2019). National Occupational Health Policy 2019 - 2025. Retrieved from
12. WHO. (2021). Musculoskeletal disorders. Retrieved from
13. Puig, V., Gallego, Y., & Moreno, M. (2020). Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders through the improvement of Postural Habits: experience in the cleaning collective. Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborals, 23(2). Retrieved from =sci_arttext&pid=S1578-25492020000200004
14. Rodriguez, K. X. (2020). Musculoskeletal disorders in administrative staff. Ergonomics, Research & Development, 2(2), 151-162. Retrieved from /Ergonomia_Investigacion/article/view/2413
15. Villa, A. (2022). Medical history and physical examination in musculoskeletal disorders. Retrieved from,-articulaciones-y-m%C3%BAsculos/diagn%C3%B3stico-de-los-trastornos-musculoesquel%C 3%A9ticos/historia-cl%C3%ADnica-y-exploraci%C3%B3n-f%C3%ADsica-en-trastornos-musculoesquel%C3%A9ticos