MAIN RISK FACTORS INFLUENCING BREAST CANCER IN WOMEN IN COMMUNE IV OF VALLEDUPAR - COLOMBIA

Main Article Content

Fabián Córdoba Anaya
Dariana Loaiza Zúñiga
María Gina Cuello

Keywords

Breast cancer, epidemiology, public health, risk factors, treatment, prevention

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the different risk factors associated with breast cancer that affect commune IV of Valledupar/Cesar and to group them in order to determine the factors that have the highest incidence.


Material and Methods: A survey was applied to 120 women from the IV commune of Valledupar/ Cesar, Colombia; after the survey, they were provided with information on risk factors, what to do if they present one or more of these factors, and the importance of mammographic control and self-examination was explained to them.


Results: A total of 120 female respondents were included, the median age was 47 years (19-73 years). Excluding female sex (a risk factor present in all respondents), 100% of the respondents had one or more risk factors associated with breast cancer, the most common being heredity, sedentary lifestyle (overweight, lack of exercise), alcoholism and use of hormones as a planning method.


Conclusions: Hereditary factors, sedentary lifestyle, alcoholism and the use of hormones as a planning method are the most recurrent risk factors in commune IV of the city of Valledupar/Cesar, Colombia. It is necessary to instill a collective responsibility, aimed at changing bad habits in order to reduce the risk factors for breast cancer in this community. In addition, distinguishing these factors plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of the disease.

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