EFFECTS OF A PROTOCOL OF ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGICAL RESTORATION WITH VIRTUAL REALITY ON INDICATORS OF DEMOTIVATION IN CHILDREN

Main Article Content

Aimée Argüero-Fonseca
Joel Martínez-Soto
Diana P. Aguirre-Ojeda
Diana Pérez Pimienta
Davide M. Marchioro

Keywords

Environmental psychological restoration, Virtual reality, Demotivation, Children

Abstract

For some children, lockdown due to the pandemic or crime can be demotivating, so accessing nature's restorative properties through virtual reality could improve their mental health. Environmental Psychological Restoration (EPR) with virtual reality (VR) protocols are designed to provide a simulated experience of natural environments that could promote psychological renewal and rejuvenation. The present work focuses on the restoration of demotivation in children, to document the effects of an EPR protocol with VR technology on indicators of demotivation such as valence affective and activation. Healthy children, between 8 and 11 years old, (ME=9.12; SD= .99; F= 12;  M=12) from a private school in Tepic, Nayarit México. A homogeneous sample of 24 was taken, whose parents consented to participation. An experimental design of two groups and repeated measures was used. During each treatment, participants were tested at baseline (T1), exposed to a cognitive deficit induction test (n-back; T2), and subsequently, G1 was exposed to EPR-VR treatment, while G2 received no treatment (T3).  Findings suggest a decline in demotivation after EPR-VR (p < 0.05). Exposure to nature, even virtual, may benefit children’s motivation. Changes in motivation would have to be strengthened with continuous sessions. The findings are discussed in light of future developments in EPR-VR research.

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