Main Article Content
Hepatitis C, Diabetes Mellitus, Prevalence
Objective: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of Hepatitis C among a cohort of 150 patients with diabetes mellitus (DM).
Study design: A cross-sectional study
Place and Duration: This study was conducted in People's University of Medical and Health Sciences for Women Nawabshah from June 2022 to June 2023
Methodology: A total of 150 patients, both male and female, aged between 24-65 years, with DM were included in the study. Data on patients' age, gender, BMI, residence, and educational attainment were collected after obtaining informed written consent. Hepatitis C was diagnosed using the Enzyme-Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay (ELISA) method. The diagnostic criteria for DM were based on two fasting or random plasma glucose levels exceeding 126 mg/dL and 200 mg/dL, respectively. Patients were subsequently categorized as hypoglycemic, normal, or hyperglycemic based on their blood glucose levels. The data analysis was performed using SPSS version 26.
Results: Among the 150 patients with diabetes, 80 (53.3%) were females and 70 (46.7%) were males. The mean age of patients was 37.8±14.89 years, with a mean BMI of 25.4±7.3 kg/m². The majority of cases were from rural areas (60%), and 40% had urban residency. Of the patients, 44.66% were educated, while 55.33% were uneducated. Hepatitis C was found in 28% of patients, all of whom had DM II, with the majority being females (60%). Most patients (54.76%) had glycemic values in the 180 mg/dl range. In the Hepatitis C cases, 20% were aged between 24-35 years, 50% were between 36-45 years, and 30% were older than 45 years. Elevated levels of Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic Transaminase (SGPT) were observed in 80.95% of patients.
Conclusion: This study concludes that Hepatitis C infection was prevalent among 28% of patients, primarily associated with DM II cases. The majority of affected patients were females, and elevated SGPT levels were common in this population.
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