PERCEPTION, ACCEPTANCE & BARRIERS ASSOCIATED WITH COVID‐19 VACCINATION AMONG NURSES IN SAUDI ARABIA

Main Article Content

Mohammad Alghamdi
Fahd Alblowi
Manal Banaser
Fatemah Alotaibi
Samia Alzahrani

Keywords

Nurses, Acceptance, Barriers, Covid-19 vaccination, Saudi Arabia, Pandemic, Healthcare

Abstract

Background: The coronavirus (COVID-19) is a new infectious disease, which has become a pandemic that infected people around the world. The first Covid-19 vaccine has been used was in United Kingdom in the second week of December 2020. Nurses’ perception and knowledge toward COVID-19 vaccine plays a major role in combating the pandemic. Nurses are among the frontline of health care delivery, and their perception about COVID-19 vaccination will better address barriers to widespread vaccination acceptance.


Aim: The aim of this study is to assess acceptance and perception and barriers toward COVID-19 vaccine among Nurses at MOH, in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


Method:  The study used a cross-sectional design, administered online survey to MOH’s nurses. The web-based survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 5,000 nurses to assess nurses’ perception and knowledge toward COVID-19 vaccine. The online self-administrative questioner includes demographic variables and 16 items of 5 Likert scale ranges from 1 “strongly disagree” to 5 “strongly agree” to measure the nurses’ perception and knowledge.


Results: The average score for perception and barriers for Covid-19 vaccination was 2.19 ± 0.45 and 1.56 ± 0.44 respectively. It was found that Nurse’s perception for covid-19 vaccination was negatively correlated with the barrier faced by nurses, r (4841) = -0.40, P<0.01. Multiple variable regression demonstrated that nurse perception was statistically significant associated with gender (b: 0.153, [95%: 0.108, 0.197]), nationality (b: -0.092, [95%: -0.123, -0.061]), and qualification (b: 0.03, [95%: 0.001, 0.058]) of nurse.


Discussion: The present study's highlights the importance of diverse processes that include education and guidance in increasing immunization rates among nurses in Saudi. Efforts must be made to reduce hesitancy and barriers to take vaccine and increase vaccination confidence.


Conclusion: Health policy makers and officials should focus educational activities to address vaccination safety and efficacy concerns, while further study is needed to evaluate wide immunization coverage following the launch of the COVID-19 vaccine. The study has implication in wider international and local health settings who face vaccination acceptance issue among nurses.

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