Main Article Content
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, content analysis, funding, support, community, Canada
Fetal A lcohol Spectrum Disorder is a preventable health issue affecting about 10% of the population. This research examined proposals submitted to a call for funding for projects to improve outcomes for people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
The aim was to use the proposals as proxy for perceptions of needs held by practitioners in British Columbia, Canada, where considerable FASD - related education and awareness exists. Methods Content analyses were c onducted and Chi - square tests were used to test the relationship between proposal foci, community size and the submitting agency’s experience with FASD.
Nine foci were found: Skill Development, Care, Training, Resource Development, Education, Transition, Peer Support, Research and Other. No statistically significant difference was found in proposal foci according to size of community, and only one focus, Research, was associated with agency experience. Proposals varied in intensity, timing, participants, and focus of change (people or environments).
Analysis of the proposals provides a unique view into perceptions regarding ways to improve outcomes for people with FASD.
2. Chudley A, Conry J, Cook J, Loock C, Rosales T, LeBlanc N. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Canadian guidelines for diagnosis. Can Med Assoc J 2005; 172(5):S1 - S21.
3. Government of British Columbia. Keyworker and Parent Support Services, 2013. Retrieved from : http://www.mcf.gov.bc.ca/fasd/kw_support.ht
4. Provincial Outreach Program for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, (2013). Provincial Outreach Program for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (POPFASD ). Retrieved from http://www.fasdoutreach.ca/
5. Government of British Columbia. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Building on Strengths. A Provincial Plan for British Columbia 2008 - 2018, 2008. Retrieved from : http://www.mcf.gov.bc.ca/fasd/pdf/FASD_TenY earPlan_WEB.pdf
6. Robinson GC, Armstrong RW. ( 1988). Alcohol and child/family health : A co nference with particular reference to the prevention of alcohol - related birth defects : Proceedings, October 28 - 29, 1988, Vancouver, British Columbia . Vancouver, BC, 1988: FAS Resource Group.
7. UBC Interprofessional Continuing Education. (2013). The 5 th International Conference on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Retrieved from : http://www.fasdoutreach.ca/5th - international - conference - fetal - alcohol - spectrum - disorder - integrating - research - policy - and - promisi
8. Victoria Foundation. (2013). Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Action Fund. Retrieved from : http://www.victoriafoundation.bc.ca/fetal - alcohol - spectrum - disorder - fasd - action - fund
9. George, A, Hardy C, Clark E, Tu A, Fetterley, C. (2012). Evaluation of the Victoria Foundation $7M Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Action Fund 2012 . Prince George: UBC and UNBC.
10. Braun V, Clarke V. Using thema tic analysis in psychology. Qual Res Psychol 2006;3(2):77 - 101.
11. du Plessis V, Beshiri R, Bollman RD, Clemenson H. Definitions of Rural, Rural and Small Town Canada Analysis Bulletin 2001:3(3). Ottawa: Statistics Canada, Cat. #21 - 006 - XIE.
12. Statistics Canada. (2006). 2006 Census of Population. Retrieved from : http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census - recensement/2006/index - eng.cfm
13. Public Health Agency of Canada (2011). What determines he alth? Retrieved from http://www.phac - aspc.gc.ca/ph - sp/determinants/index - eng.php 14. World Health Organization (2013) Social Determinants of Health. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/social_determinants/en/
15. Burden MJ, Jacobson SW, Jacobson JL. Relation of prenatal alcohol exposure to cognitive processing speed and efficiency in childhood. Alcsm Clin Exp Res 2005;29 (8):1473 - 83.
16. Burden MJ, Jacobson SW, Sokol RJ, Jacobson JL. Effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on attention and working memory at 7.5 years of age. Alcsm Clin Exp Res 2005;29 (3):443 - 52.
17. Kaemingk KL, Halverson PT. Spatial memory following prenatal alcohol exposure: More than a material specific memory deficit. Child Neuropsychol 2000;6 (2):115 - 28.
18. Streissguth AP, Barr HM, Sampson PD. Moderate prenatal alcohol exposure: Effects on child IQ and learning problems at age 7 1/2 years. Alcsm Clin Exp Res 1990;14 (5):662 - 69. d oi:10.1111/j.1530 - 0277.1990.tb01224.x
19. Mattson SN, Roebuck TM. Acquisition and ret ention of verbal and nonverbal information in children with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure. Alcsm Clin Exp Res 2002; 26 (6),875 - 882. doi:10.1111/j.1530 - 0277.2002.tb02617.x
20. Cobi go V, Ouellette - Kuntz H, Lysaght R, Martin L. Shifting our conceptualization of social inclusion. Stigma Res Action 2012;2(2):75 - 84.