Main Article Content

Alexander Pérez Cordero
Donicer E. Montes Vergara
Yelitza Aguas Mendoza


Agroecosystem, kikuyo, arbuscular mycorrhizae, livestock soils.


Although the importance of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AMF) plant-fungi symbiosis is recognized worldwide, there are some aspects of community structure and function in tropical pasture agroecosystems that have not been studied. In the Colombian Caribbean, most of the studies have been related to the benefits of symbiosis in different hosts, especially in aspects of productivity, plant nutrition and fertilizer substitution, which has allowed to determine the potential use of these microorganisms in conventional production systems or in clean production systems. The objective of this study was to isolate spores of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) associated with compacted and non-compacted rhizosphere of Bothriochloa pertusa (L) A. Camus from cattle farms in the municipalities of Sincelejo and Tolú and to establish the most predominant groups or species. The results show a higher abundance of AMF genera, corresponding to the genus Glomus in non-compacted soils of the two municipalities evaluated. The most adapted morphospecies found in both ecosystems was Glomus aggregatum Schenck & Smith, Koske, 1995, which is a morphospecies used as an inoculant for the improvement and productivity of tropical crops.

Abstract 34 | PDF Downloads 27


1. Bending G, Turnera M, Raynsb F, Marxcand M, Wood M. 2004. Microbial and biochemical soil quality indicators and their potential for differentiating areas under contrasting agricultural management regimes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 36(11):1785-1792.
2. Chamorro D. 1994. Informe final de investigaciones en forrajes tropicales. CORPOICA. Grupo Regional Pecuario. P 131.
3. DEPARTAMENTO ADMINISTRATIVO NACIONAL DE ESTADISTICA (DANE). Encuesta Nacional Agropecuaria, Resultados 1995, Costa Atlántica, 1996, p. 16.
4. Espitia Doria F., Pérez Cordero A. 2016. Diversidad de hongos formadores de micorrizas arbusculares (HMA) en tres agroecosistemas con pasto colosoana (Bothriochloa pertusa (L) A. Camus) en el departamento de Sucre. Rev Colombiana Cienc Anim; 8(1):72-81.
5. INTERNATIONAL CULTURE COLLECTION OF VESICULAR ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI-INVAM. 2020. General life cycle and the structures formed. Web Julio/13/2021.
6. Kaschuk G, Alberton O, Hungria M. 2010. Three decades of soil microbial biomass studies in Brazilian ecosystems: Lessons learned about soil quality and indications for improving sustainability. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 42(1):1-13.
7. Morton, E. 1996. Classification and identification of mycorrhizal fungi- INVAM, Firs ICOM Workhosp. Wirginia, USA, p. 1-5.
8. Oehl F, Alves da Silva G, Tomio B, Sieverding E.2011 Glomeromycota: three new genera and glomoid species reorganized. Mycotaxon. 116:75-120. doi: 10.5248/116.75.
9. Pérez C. Alexander., Botero Catalina, Cepero Maria. 2012. Diversidad de micorrizas arbusculares en pasto colosuana (Bothriochloa pertusa (L) A. Camus de fincas ganaderas del municipio de Corozal-Sucre. Rev.MVZ Córdoba 17(2):3024-3032.
10. Peña-Venegas C, Cardona G, Arguelles J, Arcos A.2007. Micorrizas arbusculares del sur de la amazonia colombiana y su relación con algunos factores fisicoquímicos y biológicos del suelo. Acta Amazónica. 2007. vol.37(3):327-336. DOI:10.1590/S0044-59672007000300003
11. Sant'anna S, Fernandes M, Ivo W, Costa J. 2009. Evaluation of Soil Quality Indicators in Sugarcane Management in Sandy Loam Soil. Pedosphere.
12. 19(3):312-322. rights and content
13. Schloter M, Dilly O, Munch J.C. 2003. Indicators for evaluating soil quality. Institute of Soil Ecology, GSF-National Research Center for Environment and Health, Ingolstadter Landstr. 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment. 98(1-3):255-262.
14. Schenck, N.; Perez, Y. 1990. Manual for the identification of VA mycorrhizal fungi. Tercera Edición. USA: Synergistic Publications. USA.
15. Sieverding E. 1983. Manual de métodos para la investigación de las micorrizas arbusculares en el laboratorio. Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical, CIAT. p. 121.
16. Ultra, Venecio U. Y.; Tanaka, Sota; Sakurai, Katsutoshi; Iwasaki, Kōzō (August 2007). "Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (Glomus aggregatum) influences biotransformation of arsenic in the rhizosphere of sunflower (Helianthus annuusL.)". Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 53 (4): 499–508. doi:10.1111/j.1747-0765.2007.00143x
17. Windinga A, Hund-Rinkeb K, Rutgers M. 2005. The use of microorganisms in ecological soil classification and assessment concepts. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 62(2):230-248.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2