FREQUENCY OF MOLAR PREGNANCY IN WOMEN WITH MISCARRIAGE

Main Article Content

Nazia Ilyas
Saadia Akram
Samina Bugti
Kaveeta
Zakia Zaheen
Sakina Ali

Keywords

miscarriage, molar pregnancy, Hydatidiform, placenta, ultrasound

Abstract

Background: Molar pregnancy is a very uncommon condition in pregnancy that is characterized by abnormal trophoblast growth. It is also called the hydatidiform mole (HM). HMs are a type of gestational trophoblastic disease. There are two types of hydatidiform moles which are partial hydatidiform moles (PHM) and complete hydatidiform moles (CHM). They can both be differentiated by their genetics and biology. The progression rate to gestational trophoblastic neoplasia of partial hydatidiform moles is lower than that of complete hydatidiform moles. The progression rate of PHM is 5%, while the progression rate of CHM is from 15% to 20%.


Objective: The goal of the study is to increase the detection and treatment of molar pregnancy, particularly in areas with limited resources.


Study design: A cross-sectional study


Place and Duration: This study was conducted in Al Nafees Medical College and Hospital Islamabad from May 2022 to May 2023.


Methodology: All of the women included in this research were those who had a history of miscarriage. All of the participants were aged between 18 and 45 years. A pre-designed performa was used to gather data related to gestational age, parity, and age. A consultant ultrasonologist who had at least 5 years of experience had the responsibility of performing trans-abdominal ultrasound scanning.


Results: There were a total of 180 women enrolled in this research. The average age calculated was 28.7 years. The average height calculated was 1.56 meters. The average weight was 68.2 kg. There were 179 patients who did not have a molar pregnancy, while only one patient had a molar pregnancy. There was no significant relationship between family history, age, parity, previous molar pregnancy, BMI, and gestational age.


Conclusion: We concluded that the occurrence of molar pregnancy in females with miscarriage is very rare.

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