Body image as a mediator in the association between indirect aggression and appearance schemas

Main Article Content

Abdus Salam, Dr Hajra Ali, Hafiz Usama Munir, Attiqa Khalid, Ali Haider Khan, Hafiz Muhammad Jalees Ul Hassan, Hassan Imran, Khurram Shahzad, Kashif Lodhi


Body Image, Indirect Aggression, Appearance Schema


The current co-relational study's goal was to determine if body image had a mediating function in teenagers' relationships between indirect aggression and appearance schemas.

Methods: Using G*power, the sample size was determined. Through the purposive selection method, 120 individuals who expressed unhappiness with their physical appearance were chosen. To measure appearance schema, body image, and indirect aggression, the Appearance Schema Inventory-Revised, the Revised Objectified Body Consciousness Scale, and the Indirect Aggression Scale-Aggressor Version, respectively, were utilized.

Results: Hay's process macro and Pearson product-moment correlation were used to evaluating the data. For statistical analyses, both inferential and descriptive statistics were performed. Results showed a substantial positive association between indirect aggression, body image, and appearance schema. Results also indicated that the association between indirect aggression and appearance schema was mediated by body image. 

Conclusions: The findings of this study suggested that body image issues and appearance schema are important factors in determining an adolescent's indirect aggressive behaviors.

Abstract 173 | PDF Downloads 190


1. Khan, S., Khilji, M. N., & Iqbal, M. M. (2022). Mediating role of Body Image in the Relationship between Appearance schemas and Indirect Aggression in Adolescents. ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, 23(6), 1-7.
2. Mesce, M., Cerniglia, L., & Cimino, S. (2022). Body Image Concerns: The Impact of Digital Technologies and Psychopathological Risks in a Normative Sample of Adolescents. Behavioral Sciences, 12(8), 255.
3. Ying, J., Liu, S., Chen, D., Xu, Z., Gao, Q., & You, J. (2022). Gender Differences in the Relationship Between Maladaptive Perfectionism, Negative Body Image, Anxiety, and Nonsuicidal Self-Injury in Chinese Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Populations. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 19(4), 2024-2036.
4. Bödicker, C., Reinckens, J., Höfler, M., & Hoyer, J. (2022). Is childhood maltreatment associated with body image disturbances in adulthood? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 15(3), 523-538.
5. Grunewald, W., Kinkel-Ram, S. S., & Smith, A. R. (2022). Conformity to masculine norms, masculine discrepancy stress, and changes in muscle dysmorphia symptoms. Body Image, 40, 237-248.
6. Keshavarz Afshar, H., & Masoumi, S. (2022). Predicting Marital Satisfaction based on Social Media and Body Image in Women Who Chose to Have Cosmetic Surgery: The Mediating Role of Emotion Regulation. Preventive Counseling, 3(1), 38-51.
7. Hu, P., Xie, T., Qian, W., Liu, X., & Wang, J. (2022). The relationship between perfectionism and eating pathology: the mediating roles of body dissatisfaction and alexithymia. Current Psychology, 1-10.
8. Rollero, C., Leon, C. M., Martini, M., & De Piccoli, N. (2022). Enjoyment of Sexualization in Men and Women: Relationships with Ambivalent Sexism and Body Image Coping Strategies. Sexuality & Culture, 1-19.
9. Geng, J., Wang, Y., Wang, H., Wang, P., & Lei, L. (2022). Social comparison orientation and cyberbullying perpetration and victimization: roles of envy on social networking sites and body satisfaction. Journal of interpersonal violence, 37(17-18), NP16060-NP16083.
10. Malinowska-Cieślik, M., Dzielska, A., & Oblacińska, A. (2022). Psychosocial Determinants of Adolescents’ Cyberbullying Involvement—The Role of Body Satisfaction. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(3), 1292.
11. Terrell, A., Wickrama, T., Merten, M. J., & Becnel, J. (2022). Adolescents’ adverse family context and intimate partner violence: Mediating role of social media experience. Current Psychology, 1-15.
12. Ahadzadeh, A. S., Wu, S. L., Ong, F. S., Deng, R., & Lee, K. F. (2022). A Moderated Mediation Model of Perceived Effect of Fitspiration Images on Self: The Influence of Media Literacy and BMI. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(9), 5077.
13. Ashkinazi, M., Wagner, S. A., Cunningham, K., & Mattson, R. E. (2022). Body image satisfaction and body-related partner commentary link to marital quality through sexual frequency and satisfaction: A path model. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice.
14. Chen, Q., Song, Y., Huang, Y., & Li, C. (2022). The interactive effects of family violence and peer support on adolescent depressive symptoms: the mediating role of cognitive vulnerabilities. Journal of affective disorders.
15. Wang, M., Li, M., Wu, X., & Zhou, Z. (2022). Cognitive reactivity and emotional dysregulation mediate the relation of paternal and maternal harsh parenting to adolescent social anxiety. Child Abuse & Neglect, 129, 105621.
16. Hatami Varzaneh, A., Fathi, E., & Asadi, M. (2022). Regression model of sensitivity in interpersonal relationships based on body image concern and relationship with father among female freshman students. Journal of Research in Psychopathology, 3(9), 1-7.
17. Zhao, Y., Han, L., Teopiz, K. M., McIntyre, R. S., Ma, R., & Cao, B. (2022). The psychological factors mediating/moderating the association between childhood adversity and depression: a systematic review. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 104663.
18. Samardzic, T., Jarry, J. L., Psych, C., & Senn, C. Y. The Role of Self-Silencing and Appearance Investment in Heterosexually Experienced Women’s Body Dissatisfaction.
19. Senekal, J. S., Ruth Groenewald, G., Wolfaardt, L., Jansen, C., & Williams, K. (2022). Social media and adolescent psychosocial development: a systematic review. South African Journal of Psychology, 00812463221119302.
20. Moss, L., Ward, L. M., & Overstreet, N. M. (2022). Do objectification, gender beliefs, or racial stereotypes mediate associations between Black adults’ media use and acceptance of intimate partner violence?. Psychology of Violence.
21. Moss, L. (2022). The Medium and the Message: An Investigation of Mainstream Media Use, Relationship Scripts, and Intimate Partner Violence among Black Adolescents (Doctoral dissertation).
22. Liu, P. L. (2022). Parasocial relationship in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: A moderated mediation model of digital media exposure on political trust among Chinese young people. Computers in Human Behavior, 107639.
23. Wu, X., Zhang, L., Yang, R., Zhu, T., Xiang, M., & Wu, G. (2022). Parents can't see me, can peers see me? Parental phubbing and adolescents' peer alienation via the mediating role of parental rejection. Child Abuse & Neglect, 132, 105806.