EVALUATING SAFETY AND PAIN CONTROL: INTRAVENOUS PARACETAMOL VS. PENTAZOCINE IN ABDOMINAL SURGICAL PROCEDURES

Main Article Content

Dr. Atul Tandon
Dr. Gaddam Thapasya Reddy
Dr. Jitendra Agrawal
Dr. Vishnu Kumar Sharma
Dr. Arushi Saxena
Masuram Bharath Kumar

Keywords

Postoperative Pain Management, Abdominal Surgery, Visual Analog Scale, Adverse Events, Rescue Analgesia

Abstract

Background: Postoperative pain management is necessary for patient recovery after abdominal surgery. The study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of intravenous paracetamol and pentazocine for postoperative pain control in adults undergoing abdominal surgery.


 Methods: A total of 80 patients undergoing surgery at Department of Surgery, Varun Arjun Medical College & Rohilkhand Hospital were randomly allocated into two groups: Group A (n=40) received intravenous paracetamol, and Group B (n=40) received pentazocine. Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores for pain, adverse events, and the need for rescue analgesia were evaluated.


 Results: Group A reported significantly lower VAS scores at most time points except at 12 hours. Respiratory depression was significantly lower in Group A (p=0.045). The need for rescue analgesia was lower in Group A but was not statistically significant (p=0.059).


 Conclusion: Intravenous paracetamol is more effective and safer than pentazocine for postoperative pain management in adult abdominal surgeries. Further studies are warranted to confirm these findings.

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