Comparison Of the Effect of Mindfulness and Self-Differentiation Trainings on The Level of Assertiveness of Anxious Educational Students

Main Article Content

Nasrin Hadilou
Shahram Ranjdoust


Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), Self-Differentiation, Assertiveness, Anxiety, students


Background & Objective : The presence of anxiety and lack of assertiveness leads to disruption in academic performance, destruction of intelligence and learning abilities, reduction of abstract thinking and stagnation of talents, and also by creating economic problems, it will bring harmful effects to the individual, family and society. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to Comparison of the effect of mindfulness and self-differentiation trainings on the level of assertiveness of anxious medical students.
Materials and Methods: The statistical sample included 45 female Educational students in Tabriz university in 2021-2022, who had low assertiveness and high anxiety. They were selected by convenience sampling and then randomly assigned into two experimental groups (15 people) and a control group (15 people). Mindfulness-based stress reduction training was applied to the first group (8 sessions; one 90-minute session per week) and to the second group, self-differentiation training (8 sessions; one 90-minute session per week) and the control group did not receive training. All people in the sample group filled out the Gambrill and Ritchie assertiveness test questionnaire in the pre-test and post-test stages and the Kettle anxiety questionnaire in the pre-test stage. One-variable covariance analysis was used to analyze the data. Analysis of covariance was used to analyze the data.
Findings: The results showed that the average assertiveness scores of anxious medical students in the mindfulness training group based on stress reduction compared to the self-differentiation training group and in the self-differentiation training group compared to the control group in the post-test significantly decreased (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed that mindfulness training based on stress reduction is more effective than self-differentiation training in improving assertiveness of anxious medical students.

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