Assessing the level of knowledge of pilgrims about the type of vaccinations and their importance to pilgrims among the Makkah Al-Mokarramah in Saudi Arabia Population during the Pilgrimage Seasons 2022

Main Article Content

Maram Taher Alghabbashi
Reham F. Hasanain
Mazen Mannaa Alelyani
Sami Yahya Jithmi
Turki deab Mohammad alotibi
Abdulelah Marzouq Saqr Alotaibi
Yousef Khudhayr sunaytan Alotaibi
Basmah ateeq Alharbi
Hafsa Abdulkreem fllatah
Abdulaziz Swaileh Saleh Alhelali

Keywords

Assessing, knowledge, pilgrims, vaccinations, importance

Abstract

A disease-like agent, often made up of the bacterium, its toxins, or one of the surface proteins that has been weakened or destroyed, is included in a vaccination. The vaccine's ingredients cause and encourage the body to identify the vaccination as a foreign substance. Given the amount of fatalities, accidents, and problems associated with non-vaccination, vaccination is essential. Religious activities that draw large crowds may provide serious public health risks, especially when it comes to the spread of infectious illnesses. The Hajj pilgrimage, which attracts more than 2 million visitors from more than 70 nations each year, is conducted in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The pilgrims' close quarters and shared living space expose them to several health risks. KSA annually hosts the Hajj, a distinctive religious mass gathering of Muslims. It is a fifth pillar that all Muslims are required to uphold. Influenza virus, Neisseria meningitides and Streptococcus pneumoniae infections are particularly common among Hajj pilgrims in Saudi Arabia. The study's objective is to determine how well-informed pilgrims are about the different types of vaccines and how crucial they are to their safety during the 2022 pilgrimage season among the makkah al-mokarramah population in Saudi Arabia. Methods: An across-sectional descriptive study of pilgrims living in Makkah city from August 2022 to October 2022 was done Hajj 2022, There were (700) pilgrims in our whole sample set. Results demonstrate that vaccines and degree of knowledge are significantly correlated, with the majority of participants (48.14%) having average knowledge, followed by weak people (30.43%) and high participants (21.43%). while Range (3-15) Mean± SD (9.01±2.91) while shows a positive relationshipbetween level of knowledge correlation and vaccinations while X2 77.591.
Conclusion: Hajj pilgrims, particularly those with less education and those who are jobless, lack understanding about these vaccine-preventable illnesses and immunisation. To ensure that Hajj pilgrims are safeguarded, pilgrims and Umar are strongly urged to concentrate on these groups and create a particular course that focuses on these illnesses that may be prevented by vaccination. Before the Hajj, physicians must instruct and educate all participants about how to handle any infectious diseases. There are several possibilities to increase Hajj pilgrims' understanding of the value of implementing preventative health measures.

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