Impact of PNF, Active Release Technique and Conventional Physiotherapy on the physical ability of subjects with Periarthritis Shoulder

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Jibi Paul
M. Manoj Abraham
N. Harikrishnan


Periarthritis; Adhesive capsulitis; SPADI; Active release technique; PNF


The term Periarthritis and adhesive capsulitis was coined in 1945 by Neviaser. The exact etiology remains unclear. The presentation is like an inflammatory condition followed by fibrosis and collagen deposition. Periarthritis (PA) is a "catch-all diagnosis" that frequently refers to a variety of shoulder issues. The goal of this study was to see how Neuromuscular Facilitation and Active Release Technique improves pain, range of motion, and shoulder function in periarthritic patients. Based on the criteria for selection, the investigation was carried out at the ACS Medical College and Hospital's Outpatient Department of Physiotherapy. They were divided into Group A (n = 12), Group B (n = 12) and Group C (n = 12) using the simple random lottery procedure. This study used a pre- and post-test comparison design. Simple random sampling was used to choose the study's 36 participants, who were both male and female, aged 40 to 60, with second-stage periarthritis of the shoulder. Pre- and post-test scores were kept for the outcome measure, which included the Visual Analog Scale, Goniometry, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index Scale. Six weekly sessions of the treatment were given over the course of four weeks. The Dependent variable is Pain, ROM, shoulder function, the Independent variables are Neuromuscular Facilitation and Active Release Technique. The present study provided evidence to prove that proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation is more effective than the active release technique with P<0.001, in periarthritic patients in terms of lowering discomfort, enhancing range of motion, and functional capacity. According to the study, periarthritic individuals who underwent the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation have pain relief, improved range of motion, and improved functional abilities.

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