Effect of Emotional Intelligence Training Program on Critical Thinking Skills and Self-Esteem of Nurse Students

Main Article Content

Neama Elnouby Ali Ahmed
Samia Mohamed Abdallah Adam
Rabab Mahmud Hassan Mohamed


Critical thinking skills, Emotional intelligence, Nurse Students, Self-esteem


Introduction: Emotional intelligence is an important aspect at work and life that can leads people to effectively think and act toward any situations they face which affect their self - esteem.
Aim: This study aims at measuring the effect of emotional intelligence training program on critical thinking skills and self-esteem of nurse students.
Design: A quasi-experimental design was used.
Setting: The study was conducted at Abbassia school of Nursing for girls.
Subject: all third year nurse students. Their total number is sixty.
Tools of data collection: Emotional intelligence knowledge questionnaire, emotional intelligence questionnaire, critical thinking questionnaire and self-esteem scale.
Results: 18.3% of nurse students had satisfactory knowledge regarding total emotional intelligence before the intervention which improved significantly to (96.7%) immediately after the program and decreased in follow up phase to (38.3 %).Also, more than half of nurse students had low emotional intelligence level before the program which increased at the post intervention phases, reaching (51.7%), (66.7%) respectively. In addition, more than one quarter of nurse students had moderate critical thinking skills level (26.7%) at the pre intervention phase. It increased at the post intervention phase, reaching (83.3%) and decreased in follow up phase to reach (66.7%). Minority of nurse students had high level of self-esteem (1.7%). The percentage had increased significantly at the post intervention phase, reaching (63.3%) and decreased in follow up phase to (36.7%).
Conclusion: The improvement of nurse students emotional intelligence enhanced their critical thinking skills and self-esteem.
Recommendations: Creating emotionally friendly teaching environment for nurse students, integrate emotional intelligence courses into the nursing curriculum to increase nurse students development, and enhance education by critical thinking approach.

Abstract 638 | PDF Downloads 311


1. Abou Hashish, E. & Bajbeir, E. (2018): Emotional intelligence among Saudi nursing students and its relationship to their critical thinking disposition at college of nursing-Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. American Journal of Nursing Research, 6(6), 350-358.
2. Ahmed, S., Abd El Aal, M., Barakat, M., & Sabra, A. (2022): Effect of Emotional Intelligence Training Program on Burnout among Psychiatric Mental Health Nurses. Journal of Nursing Science Benha University, 3(1), 595-609.
3. Andrei, F., Siegling, A., Aloe, A., Baldaro, B., and Petrides, K. (2016): The incremental validity of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire): A systematic review and meta-analysis, Journal of personality assessment, 98(3), 261-276.
4. Badrosadat, D. (2013): Emotional Intelligence and its Necessity in Teaching Training. International Journal of Economy, Management and Social Sciences, 2(10), pp. 899-904.
5. Bar-On, R. (1997): The Emotional Intelligence Inventory (EQ-i): technical manual, Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems , Inc.
6. Cheshire, Michelle H.; Strickland, Haley P.; Ewell, Patrick J. (2020): Measured Emotional Intelligence in Baccalaureate Nursing Education: A Longitudinal Study. Nursing Education Perspectives 41(2):P 103-105, 3/4 2020. | DOI: 10.1097/01.NEP.0000000000000476
7. Cookfair, J. (2012): Assessing Emotional Intelligence,5th ed., Loutis: C.V. M Mosby. CO. PP. 34- 36.
8. Eid, M. (2002): Identity and anxiety creative, Cairo house, Cairo, p.p. 64
9. Eldidi, R. (2005): Emotional intelligence questionnaire, Egypt, Anglo Egyptian Bookshop, p.p.14.
10. Gaballah, S., Zahran, S., Berma, A., & Aldiasty, N. (2021): Nursing Student'Emotional Intelligence and Their Self-Determination in Faculty of Nursing at Port Said University. Port Said Scientific Journal of Nursing, 8(3), 46-67.
11. Goleman,D. (2011): The brain and emotional intelligence: New insights, 6th ed., New york, Englans,pp.53-55.
12. Hasanpour, M., Bagheri, M., Ghaedi Heidari, F. (2018): The relationship between emotional intelligence and critical thinking skills in Iranian nursing students, Med J Islam Repub Iran,32(40)32-42 .doi: 10.14196/mjiri.32.40. PMID: 30159291; PMCID: PMC6108289.
13. Hussien, R., Elkayal, M. & Shahin, M. (2020):Emotional intelligence and uncertainty among undergraduate nursing students during the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak: A comparative study. The Open Nursing Journal, 14(1)220-231.
14. Imani, B., Mohamad, S., Vanaki, Z., Kazemnejad, A. and Zoghipaydar, M.(2019): Iranian hospital nurses’ lived experiences of emotional intelligence: A phenomenological study, Issues Mental Health Nursing. 40(8) 712-719.
15. Jackson, M., Shipley, N., and Segrest, S. (2010): The effects of emotional intelligence, age, work experience, and academic performance. Research in Higher Education Journal 9, 1-18.
16. Jordan, M. (2016): Emotional intelligence development via mentoring at a women’s college: a mixed methods study, A Doctoral Thesis, Northeastern University Boston, Massachusetts, PP 30-36.
17. Kanbay, Y., Işik, E., Aslan, Ö., Tektaş, P., & Kiliç, N. (2017): Critical thinking skill and academic achievement development in nursing students: Four-year longitudinal study. American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews, 2 (1)12. doi: 10.28933/ajerr-2017-12-0501.
18. Kaya, H., Şenyuva, E., & Bodur, G. (2018): The relationship between critical thinking and emotional intelligence in nursing students: A longitudinal study. Nurse education today, 68(1), 26-32.
19. Khrais, H., & Saleh, A. (2022): Does concept mapping improve students' emotional intelligence?. International Journal of Learning and Change, 14(3), 306-315.
20. Kilic, H., Cagliyan, S., & Dag, G. (2017): Emotional Intelligence Levels of Nursing Students and Affecting Factors.Journal of Education and Research in Nursing, 14(4), 275-283.
21. Kou, H., Bi, T., Chen, S., Li, X., He, Y., Xie, Q., & He, J. (2022): The impact of mindfulness training on supportive communication, emotional intelligence, and human caring among nursing students. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. 6(3), 130-142.
22. Mohamed, M., Shabaan, F., Eshra, D. and Mohsen, M. (2004): Study of the integration of critical thinking and ethical decision making in nursing university curriculum, Doctorate Dissertation, Faculty of nursing, Menoufya university.pp.45- 46.
23. Mohamed, S. (2019): Relationship between emotional intelligence and self-esteem among nursing students. Egyptian nursing journal, 16(2), 53.
24. Poonamallee, L., Harrington, A., Nagpal, M., & Musial, A. (2018): Improving emotional intelligence through personality development: The effect of the smart phone application based Dharma Life Program on emotional intelligence. Frontiers in psychology, 9(169)1-12.
25. Ragab, S., Shazly, M., & Mostafa, H. (2021): Emotional Intelligence Training Program and its Effect on Nursing Students Problem Solving Skills. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(4) 2324-2334
26. Ragab, S.(2018): The Relationship between Critical Thinking Skills and Self Efficacy among Nursing Students, Faculty of Nursing, Un published master thesis, Ain - Shams University, pp. 61- 62.
27. Salama, M. (1986): personal Estimate for adults questionnaire, Egypt, 2nd ed., Anglo Egyptian Bookshop.
28. Saleh, W (2021): Effect of Emotional Intelligence Program on Nursing Students Behavior at Helwan University, published doctorate thesis, Faculty of nursing, helwan university.pp.106-107.
29. Shutte, N., & Thorsteinsson, B. (2013): Increasing emotional intelligence through training: current status and future directions, The International Journal of Emotional Education, 5(1), 56-72. www.um.edu.mt/edres/ijee.
30. Shipley, N., Jackson, M. & Segrest, S. (2010): The effects of emotional intelligence, age, work experience, and academic performance, Research in Higher Education Journal , (9), 1-18.
31. Towfik, A., Mostafa, G., Mahfouz, H., & Mohamed, S. (2022): Effect of Self-Learning Package about Critical Thinking on Intern-Nurses' Knowledge, Disposition and Skills. International Egyptian Journal of Nursing Sciences and Research, 2(2), 548-567.
32. Udeh, I., & Ezeokafor, O. (2022): Emotional intelligence and empathy as correlate of self-esteem among adolescents in Awka, Anambra state. Journal of Educational Research & Development, 5(1),88-100.