Metabolites Profiling and Biological Activities of Volatile Compounds of Ruellia tuberosa L. Leaves by GC-MS

Main Article Content

Susilo
Muhamad Farhan

Keywords

bioactive compounds; GC-MS analysis; medicinal plants; Ruellia Tuberosa L.; phytochemicals

Abstract

Ruellia Tuberosa L. is a common plant that traditionally has pharmacological potential. The leaves are believed to help accelerate wound healing. However, exploring the biochemical profile in it is still limited. This study aimed to establish phytoconstituent profiles on the leaves of R. Tuberosa L. Therefore, a Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer Analysis (GC-MS) was based. This study revealed 18 polar and non-polar compounds, with five compounds having known biological activity. Squalene dominates in the leaves of R. Tuberosa L., with the highest content of 15.41%, a source of essential anti-oxidants. The study also revealed the presence of new compounds that have not been identified for activity, such as Salvialane, Tridecanoic acid, 12-oxo-, Phenazine, 2-methoxy-, Cyclododecanone, 2-methylene- and others. We conclude that Ruellia Tuberosa L. is an essential herbal candidate that can be used for drug development.

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