Evaluation of some oral factors and periodontal health status in primary school-children

Main Article Content

Lamia I. Sood
Nuha Agab Hamed
Mohammed R. Abdul Jabbar
Zainab Agab Altaee

Keywords

Childhood gingivitis, Plaque index, Gingival index, DMFT, Binary logistic regression.

Abstract

Background :There is no doubt that examining the factors affecting oral health and feeding them with health information among primary school students will improve the behavior of oral and dental health and postcommunity oral hygiene. Gingivitis in children is a pathological condition that makes the gingiva in children red and tends to dark purple, a variety of oral parameters which have an impact factor on the development of gingival disease.
Aim of the study : Evaluation and analysis of some oral factors and periodontal heath status in a primary schoolchildren
Material and method: 111 healthy child from primary school in Baghdad-Iraq were enrolled in this study. Salivary flow rate of unstimulated saliva were collected, clinical examination included gingival index (GI), plaque index(PLI), DMFS (Decay messing and filling) and dmfs were observed and recorded for each child.
Result :Males are more likely to have bad dental health than females as binary logistic regression revealed. Females are likely to have significant corruption of their primary teeth at age of 10.5 years and plaque index of 1.89. Males and females are started to have significant corruption of their permanent teeth at the age of 7.5 years. Age and plaque index are significantly affecting the primary teeth of both males and females. DMFT was found to have positive significant correlation with plaque index. Guardian diseases like diabetes mellitus of parents found to have significant negative impact on DMFT of children


Conclusion : Males are more likely to have bad periodontal heath than females. At the age of 7.5 years, females start practicing the corruption of their deciduous teeth and have a plaque index of almost 1.89. Corruption of permanent teeth starts at the age of 7.5 years for both gender groups

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