Nabothian cyst association with infertility in female by trans-abdominal and trans-vaginal ultrasound

Main Article Content

Dr. Zena M. AL - Hindawi

Keywords

Ultrasound, Nabothian cyst, Infertility.

Abstract

Female infertility contributed to many causes that involve genetic and acquired abnormalities of uterus. We depend on ultrasound in a large number of patients because it is an excellent, fast, safe and inexpensive method for assessing size, shape, and determining abnormalities of uterus and both ovaries. Nabothian cyst is one of the causes of infertility which can assess by ultrasound.


Objective:


To visualize nabothian cyst by ultrasound and its association with infertility in women.


Methods:


This is a study, involving  144 females age 20 - 45 years from ultrasound clinic from Dec 2020 to April  2022, the examination was done by  Samsung HS50 ultrasound device  (KOREA), using endo-vaginal and transabdominal approach with EVN 4-9 MHZ  and CA1-7AD  probes respectively. Women with genital anomaly and polycystic ovary syndrome not included in this study. 


 Results:


144 patients involve in this study with mean age of patients was 31.36 ± SD 6.33 (20 -45 years) , 97 (67.4% ) primary infertility and 47 (32.6%) secondary infertility. Out of 144 patients who have nabothian cyst was present; 1 in 43 (29.9%), 2 in 31(21.5%), 3 in 51(35.4%) and 4 in 19 (13.4%).


Conclusions:


The study established an important association between the size and number of Nabothian cyst with infertility.

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