EFFECT OF EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION ON ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING (ADL) AMONG PATIENTS WITH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

Main Article Content

Razia Begum
Sarfraz Masih
Hajra Sarwar

Keywords

Educational Intervention, Activities of Daily Living, Rheumatoid Arthritis

Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) poses significant challenges to the daily lives of affected individuals, impacting both Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and pain intensity. Therefore, it is essential to conduct this study to assess the daily functioning and comprehension of disease management in individuals diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis.


Objective: To evaluate the effect of an educational intervention in improving the ADL among patients with RA.          


Methodology: A randomized controlled trial design was used to investigate this intervention. A total of 48 participants were recruited with help of systematic sampling and divided into intervention group and control group. The educational intervention consisted of comprehensive guidance on managing RA, including self-care, medication management, and lifestyle adjustments. Data were collected through validated assessments of ADL, conducted both before and after the intervention. Statistical analysis, including descriptive statistics and inferential tests, was applied to assess the impact of the educational intervention on the study outcomes.


Results: The study's findings showed that the majority of participants were males (64.6%), with 41.7% falling within the age range of 35 to 45, and 43.8% being single. Additionally, the results revealed reduction in the score of disability index in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) following the educational intervention. In the control group, the mean ADL score showed (23.7+6.12), while the intervention group exhibited a more substantial improvement with a mean score of (15.0+6.85).


Conclusion: This study highlights the potential benefits of educational interventions in enhancing the daily lives of Rheumatoid Arthritis patients by improving ADL. The findings underscore the importance of comprehensive education in the management of chronic conditions and provide insights for healthcare professionals and policymakers to better support individuals living with RA. Further research and long-term follow-up studies are recommended to consolidate these promising results.

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