Main Article Content

Dr. Rashpinder Singh
Dr. Sukhmandeep Kaur Dhaliwal
Dr. Simran
Dr. Manisha
Dr. Harleen Kaur
Dr. Ravi Gupta


Salivary glands, salivary gland disorders, xerostomia, diagnosis of salivary glands


Saliva is secreted by salivary glands, and saliva plays an important role in oral cavity as saliva helps in various manners in the normal functioning of the oral cavity , as it helps in preparation of the food for swallowing , it helps in appreciation of the taste of the food, saliva helps in digestion of the food , saliva also plays cleansing and protective function in the oral cavity, saliva helps in the process of normal speech of the individual, saliva plays an excretory function, saliva plays an important role in regulation of the body temperature. There are different salivary glands which are present in the oral cavity. Any disturbance or injury to the salivary glands leads to dys functioning of the gland which can lead to altering the oral health condition.

Abstract 73 | pdf Downloads 27


1. Entesarian M, Matsson H, Klar J, Bergendal B, Olson L, Arakaki R, Hayashi Y, Ohuchi H, Falahat B, Bolstad AI, Jonsson R, Wahren-Herlenius M, Dahl N. Mutations in the gene encoding fibroblast growth factor 10 are associated with aplasia of lacrimal and salivary glands. Nat Genet 2005; 37: 125-127 [PMID: 15654336 DOI: 10.1038/ng1507]
2. Stene T, Pedersen KM. Aberrant salivary gland tissue in the anterior mandible. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1977; 44: 72-75 [PMID: 267887]
3. Slomiany BL, Murty VL, Piotrowski J, Slomiany A. Salivary mucins in oral mucosal defense. Gen Pharmacol 1996; 27: 761-771 [PMID: 8842677 DOI: 10.1016/0306-3623(95)02050-0]
4. Mandel ID, Wotman S. The salivary secretions in health and disease. Oral Sci Rev 1976; 8: 25-47 [PMID: 790252]
5. Turner MD, Ship JA. Salivary secretion in health and disease- Salivary Diagnostics. 1st ed. USA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2002: 60-68
6. Venkataraman BK, Iyengar AR. Diagnostic Oral Medicine. 1st ed. India: WoltersKluwer Pvt.Ltd, 2013: 317-352
7. Maldupa I, Brinkmane A, Mihailova A. Comparative analysis of CRT Buffer, GC saliva check buffer tests and laboratory titration to evaluate saliva buffering capacity. Stomatologija 2011; 13: 55-61 [PMID: 21822046]
8. Gopinath VK, Arzreanne AR. Saliva as a Diagnostic Tool for Assessment of Dental Caries. AOS 2006; 1: 57-59
9. Wennerholm K, Emilson CG. Comparison of Saliva-Check Mutans and Saliva-Check IgA Mutans with the Cariogram for caries risk assessment. Eur J Oral Sci 2013; 121: 389-393
10. Guggenheimer J, Close JM, Eghtesad B. Sialadenosis in patients with advanced liver disease. Head Neck Pathol 2009; 3: 100-105 [PMID: 19644542 DOI: 10.1007/s12105-009-0113-6]
11. Shiboski SC, Shiboski CH, Criswell L, Baer A, Challacombe S, Lanfranchi H, Schiødt M, Umehara H, Vivino F, Zhao Y, Dong Y, Greenspan D, Heidenreich AM, Helin P, Kirkham B, Kitagawa K, Larkin G, Li M, Lietman T, Lindegaard J, McNamara N, Sack K, Shirlaw P, Sugai S, Vollenweider C, Whitcher J, Wu A, Zhang S, Zhang W, Greenspan J, Daniels T. American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for Sjögren’s syndrome: a data-driven, expert consensus approach in the Sjögren’s International Collaborative Clinical Alliance cohort. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2012; 64: 475-487 [PMID: 22563590]
12. Yamamoto M, Takahashi H, Ohara M, Suzuki C, Naishiro Y, Yamamoto H, Shinomura Y, Imai K. A new conceptualization for Mikulicz’s disease as an IgG4-related plasmacytic disease. Mod Rheumatol 2006; 16: 335-340 [PMID: 17164992]
13. Jahan-Tigh RR, Cohen PR. Frey syndrome in a patient with facial melanoma: auriculotemporal syndrome presenting with gustatory sweating following wide local excision, sentinel node biopsy, and superficial parotidectomy. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2012; 5: 48-52 [PMID: 22798976]
14. Hupp JR, Ellis E, Tucker MR. Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery. 5th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier, 2005: 397-399
15. Rastogi R, Bhargava S, Mallarajapatna GJ, Singh SK. Pictorial essay: Salivary gland imaging. Indian J Radiol Imaging 2012; 22: 325-333 [PMID: 23833425 DOI: 10.4103/0971-3026.111487]
16. Jäger L, Menauer F, Holzknecht N, Scholz V, Grevers G, Reiser M. Sialolithiasis: MR sialography of the submandibular duct—an alternative to conventional sialography and US? Radiology 2000;216: 665-671 [PMID: 10966693]